Category Archives: Ringworm Treatments

Topical antifungal agents

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Topical antifungals

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Topical antifungal agents are applied locally to the skin, on the nail, onto mucus membranes or vaginally, to treat fungal infections. They kill or inactivate fungi and yeast. Topical antifungal agents are available as creams, ointments, shampoos, powders and other forms, which can be applied locally on the area that needs to be treated.

What are the drugs for ringworm

Drug Name ( View by: Brand | Generic ) Bensal HP (More…)
generic name: benzoic acid/salicylic acid Blis-To-Sol Powder (More…)
generic name: undecylenic acid Extina (Pro, More…)
generic name: ketoconazole Naftin (Pro, More…)
generic name: naftifine Nizoral Topical (More…)
generic name: ketoconazole Nyamyc (Pro, More…)
generic name: nystatin Tinactin (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Zeasorb-AF (More…)
generic name: miconazole Zeasorb-AF Drying Gel (More…)
generic name: miconazole Spectazole (Pro, More…)
generic name: econazole Vusion (Pro, More…)
generic name: miconazole/zinc oxide Loprox (Pro, More…)
generic name: ciclopirox Jublia (Pro, More…)
generic name: efinaconazole Lotrimin AF Athlete’s Foot Powder (More…)
generic name: miconazole Oxistat (Pro, More…)
generic name: oxiconazole Xolegel (Pro, More…)
generic name: ketoconazole Pedi-Dri (Pro, More…)
generic name: nystatin Penlac (Pro, More…)
generic name: ciclopirox Ertaczo (Pro, More…)
generic name: sertaconazole Lamisil AT (Pro, More…)
generic name: terbinafine Penlac Nail Lacquer (More…)
generic name: ciclopirox Nizoral A-D (More…)
generic name: ketoconazole Dermagran AF (More…)
generic name: miconazole Absorbine Athlete’s Foot (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Absorbine Jr (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Absorbine Jr Antifungal (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Aftate (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Aftate For Athletes Foot (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Aloe Vesta (More…)
generic name: miconazole Aloe Vesta 2 in 1 Antifungal (More…)
generic name: miconazole Athletes Foot Cream (More…)
generic name: terbinafine Azolen (More…)
generic name: miconazole Baza Antifungal (More…)
generic name: miconazole Blis-To-Sol (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Canesten (More…)
generic name: clotrimazole CNL8 Nail (Pro, More…)
generic name: ciclopirox Critic-Aid Clear AF (More…)
generic name: miconazole Cruex (More…)
generic name: undecylenic acid Cruex Prescription Strength (More…)
generic name: miconazole DermaFungal (More…)
generic name: miconazole Desenex Antifungal Atheletes Foot Spray Liquid (More…)
generic name: miconazole Desenex Antifungal Cream (More…)
generic name: clotrimazole Desenex Antifungal Foot Cream (More…)
generic name: miconazole Desenex Jock Itch (More…)
generic name: miconazole Desenex Prescription Strength (More…)
generic name: miconazole Desenex Spray (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Dr Scholl’s Fungal Nail Management Kit (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Ecoza (More…)
generic name: econazole Elon Dual Defense Anti-Fungal Formula (More…)
generic name: undecylenic acid Exelderm (Pro, More…)
generic name: sulconazole Exoderm (More…)
generic name: salicylic acid/sodium thiosulfate Fungatin (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Fungi-Guard (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate FungiCURE Pump Spray (More…)
generic name: clotrimazole Fungizone Cream (More…)
generic name: amphotericin b Fungizone Lotion (More…)
generic name: amphotericin b Fungoid (More…)
generic name: miconazole Fungoid Kit (More…)
generic name: miconazole Genaspor (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Gordochom (More…)
generic name: chloroxylenol/undecylenic acid Halotex (More…)
generic name: haloprogin Hongos (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Iodo Plain (More…)
generic name: clioquinol Kerydin (Pro, More…)
generic name: tavaborole Ketodan (Pro, More…)
generic name: ketoconazole Kuric (More…)
generic name: ketoconazole Lamisil Solution (More…)
generic name: terbinafine Loprox TS (More…)
generic name: ciclopirox Lotrimin AF Athlete’s Foot Cream (More…)
generic name: clotrimazole Lotrimin AF For Her Athlete’s Foot Cream (More…)
generic name: clotrimazole Lotrimin AF Jock Itch Cream (More…)
generic name: clotrimazole Luzu (More…)
generic name: luliconazole Mentax (Pro, More…)
generic name: butenafine Micaderm (More…)
generic name: miconazole Micatin (More…)
generic name: miconazole Micatin Cooling Action (More…)
generic name: miconazole Micatin Foot Powder (More…)
generic name: miconazole Micatin Foot Powder Deodorant (More…)
generic name: miconazole Micatin Jock Itch (More…)
generic name: miconazole Micatin Liquid Foot (More…)
generic name: miconazole Micro-Guard (More…)
generic name: miconazole Miranel AF (More…)
generic name: miconazole Mitrazol (More…)
generic name: miconazole Monistat-Derm (Pro, More…)
generic name: miconazole Mycelex (Pro, More…)
generic name: clotrimazole Mycelex OTC (More…)
generic name: clotrimazole Mycostatin Topical (Pro, More…)
generic name: nystatin Naftin-MP (More…)
generic name: naftifine NP 27 (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate NuZole (More…)
generic name: miconazole Nystop (Pro, More…)
generic name: nystatin Ony-Clear (More…)
generic name: miconazole Pediaderm AF (Pro, More…)
generic name: nystatin Pedipirox-4 (More…)
generic name: ciclopirox Podactin (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Protectol (More…)
generic name: undecylenic acid Q-Naftate (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Remedy Antifungal with Olivamine (More…)
generic name: miconazole Secura Antifungal (More…)
generic name: miconazole Soothe & Cool Inzo (More…)
generic name: miconazole T-Athlete (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Tetterine (More…)
generic name: miconazole Tinactin Jock Itch (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Tinaderm (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Tinamar (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Tinaspore (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Ting (More…)
generic name: tolnaftate Trifungol (More…)
generic name: undecylenic acid Triple Paste AF (More…)
generic name: miconazole Undelenic (More…)
generic name: undecylenic acid Versiclear (More…)
generic name: salicylic acid/sodium thiosulfate Whitfields Ointment (More…)
generic name: benzoic acid/salicylic acid Xolegel Duo (More…)
generic name: ketoconazole/pyrithione zinc
Home remedies for ringworms

Home remedies for ringworms

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How to get rid of ringworm at home fast

Ringworm infections are a group of infectious diseases of the skin / nails / hair, that are caused by a specific group of fungi (also called dermatophytes). They can affect very different body parts like the scalp, your trunk, the groin area, nails of the hands or feet etc. The pathogens causing this type of infection are quite common and can spread easily from different items or by contact with an infected person or animal. Ringworm is usually a mild disease which causes no residual problems.

Even though a lot of natural remedies are believed to be effective (like tea tree oil, vinegar and salt), only anti fungal medications can really heal it. If the disease is affecting only a small part of the skin, is not lasting more that a few weeks or is not located on the head, than over the counter drugs in the form of creams, gels or lotions will suffice. If this is not the case, than systemic treatment will have to be used. Some commonly used systemic anti fungal agents include griseofulvin, itraconasole and fluconazole.

Can dogs and cats get ringworm

Tinea corporis

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What is Tinea corporis

Tinea corporis also known as ringworm infection, tinea circinata or tinea glabrosa is a skin fungal infection that affects the skin of the trunk, arms, legs or neck but does not appear on the feet, hands, scalp or the groin area.

Epidemiology:

the transmission of the pathogens occurs by direct contact with an infected person or animal, by contact with an item that contains infected particles of skin or by spreading it from one’s feet that have been previously affected. In children, the most common way of getting the disease is by touching animals. Fungi affect both males and females and the prevalence peaks in the pre-adolescent children.

There are some environmental factors that predispose to the infection and are typical for fungi. They include worm, moist climates and wearing tight-fitting, occlusive clothing. Small injuries and frequent skin-to-skin contact favours the invasion of the pathogens. Such conditions are encountered in those who practice contact sports (wrestling for example) and are often called Tinea corporis gladiatorum. It occurs most commonly on the head, neck or arms.

What causes ringworm infection

Aetiology of the infection: the disease can, in fact, be caused by any dermatophyte (fungi that infect the skin) but is most commonly attributed to the next species: Trichophyton rubrum, Epidermophyton floccosum, Trichophyton interdigitale, Microsporum canis (found on cats and dogs), Trichophyton tonsurans and Trichophyton concentricum (this one, however, is limited to the Far East, the South Pacific and South and Central America).

How does Tinea corporis look

Usually, there is a circular patch with a red, scaly, a bit raised border. With time, the changes progress outwards and show a almost complete central clearing with some scaling. The ring-shaped lesion can be one or they might be multiple. The types of fungi which have been contracted from animals usually show a more pronounced immune response.

A very broadly spread disease can be the first sign of AIDS or it might follow the use of topical corticosteroids (anti – inflammatory drug).

Tinea corporis can be acute or chronic (mild disease which persist for a long time).

Differential diagnosis: ringworm infection can sometimes look a lot like nummular eczema, psoriasis, tinea versicolor, infection with candida, lupus erythematosus or different types of dermatitis (contact, atopic, seborrhoeic).

Diagnosis: beside its typical appearance, the doctor might have to scrape a bit the border of the lesion and examine the specimen under a microscope. In cases, where the diagnosis of ringworms is suspected but cannot be proven otherwise, the specimen can be put in a culture medium and in about a week or two, the organism should show signs of growth.

How to treat ringworm infections

Treatment: with localised disease, topical anti fungal drugs are usually effective enough. Typically, they have to be applied twice daily for about two to four weeks (but the regimen depends on the drug) and another seven days after the symptoms have disappeared. If the disease has spread to a larger area, if there is involvement of the hair follicles or if the infection does not respond to topical treatment, systemic anti-fungal agents have to be taken.

Other forms of tinea corporis:

  • Fungal folliculitis (infection of the hair follicles): also called Majocchi granuloma is a deeper form of tinea corporis which can resemble a carbuncle (localized skin infection from which pus can be passed) or kerion (a very nasty form of ringworm of the scalp). It’s usually caused by Trichophyton rubrum or Trichophyton mentagrophytes and shows up in places where hairs have been shaved. In patients with a compromised immune system (cancer, AIDS etc.), lesions appear to be even more deeply located and nodule-like. Orally taken medications are necessary in order to cure this type of infection.
  • Tinea incognito: is a term which describes a ringworm infection of the skin which has been previously treated with corticosteroids because it was mistaken for another dermatological disease. Because of this treatment, lesions do not appear as typical as always and a biopsy is sometimes in order. Systemic anti fungal treatment is usually indicated.

Prognosis: cure rates for ringworm infection of the body are very good. Most of the times, topical treatment cures all the symptoms of the disease. If other parts of the body are infected (like nails or feet) they should be cured in order to prevent the tinea to reoccur.

How to avoid ringworms

Prevention: avoid sharing objects of personal hygiene (like towels, combs etc.), having close contact with infected people or animals, wash hands with hot water and soap after petting animals. All the pets should be checked for ringworms and treated if they have it.

References

Arnold, Harry L, Odom, Richard B, James, William D and Andrews, George Clinton, 1990, Andrews’ diseases of the skin. Philadelphia : Saunders.

Fitzpatrick, Thomas B and Freedberg, Irwin M, 2003, Fitzpatrick’s dermatology in general medicine. New York : McGraw-Hill, Medical Pub. Division.

Rook, Arthur and Burns, Tony, 2010, Rook’s textbook of dermatology. Chichester, West Sussex, UK : Wiley-Blackwell.

Wolff, Klaus, Johnson, Richard Allen and Fitzpatrick, Thomas B, 2009, Fitzpatrick’s color atlas and synopsis of clinical dermatology. New York : McGraw-Hill Medical.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinea_corporis

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dermatologic_disorders/fungal_skin_infections/tinea_corporis.html

http://www.dermnetnz.org/fungal/tinea-corporis.html

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1091473-followup#showall

 

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